Estimated Diameter

Supported Graph Characteristics

Unweighted edges

Directed edges

Undirected edges

Homogeneous vertex types

Heterogeneous vertex types

Algorithm link: Estimated Diameter

The diameter of a graph is the worst-case length of a shortest path between any pair of vertices in a graph. It is the farthest distance to travel, to get from one vertex to another, if you always take the shortest path. Finding the diameter requires calculating (the lengths of) all shortest paths, which can be quite slow.

This algorithm uses a simple heuristic to estimate the diameter. Rather than calculating the distance from each vertex to every other vertex, it selects \$K\$ vertices randomly, where \$K\$ is a user-provided parameter. It calculates the distances from each of these \$K\$ vertices to all other vertices. So, instead of calculating \$V*(V-1)\$ distances, this algorithm only calculates \$K*(V-1)\$ distances. The higher the value of \$K\$, the greater the likelihood of finding the true diameter.

The current version only computes unweighted distances.

Notes

This algorithm query employs a subquery called max_BFS_depth. Both queries must be installed to run the algorithm.

Specifications

tg_estimate_diameter (SET<STRING> v_type, SET<STRING> e_type, INT seed_set_length,
  BOOL print_accum = TRUE, STRING file_path = "", BOOL display = FALSE)

Time complexity

This algorithm has a time complexity of \$O(k*E)\$, where \$k\$ is equal to the number of seed vertices and \$E\$ is equal to the number of edges.

Result

Returns the single integer that is the estimated diameter of the graph.

Parameters

Parameter Description Default

SET<STRING> v_type

Names of vertex types to use

(empty set of strings)

SET<STRING> e_type

Names of edge types to use

(empty set of strings)

INT seed_set_length

The number \$k\$ of random seed vertices to use

10

BOOL print_accum

If True, output JSON to standard output

False

STRING file_path

If not empty, write output to this file

(empty string)

Example

We can estimate the diameter of the graph included in the Shortest Path Algorithms TGCloud Starter Kit.

This graph contains data for 7,927 Airport vertices and 19,257 flight_route edges.

With seed_set_length set to 10, the estimated diameter returned is 9. With a larger seed_set_length of 100, the new, more accurate, estimated diameter returned is 12, because the greater number of randomly selected vertices happened to capture a larger worst-case scenario of graph diameter.